1. One of the most interesting parts of Pissarro's painting Apple Picking at Eragny-sur-Epte is the way he applies the paint. Instead of mixing blue and yellow paint to make green grass, Pissarro placed blue dots of paint next to yellow dots of paint and allowed the mixing to occur in our eyes. Pissarro felt that not mixing the colors made them brighter. Test this for yourself. Choose a simple object such as an apple or orange. Divide your page in half. Make a drawing of the same object on both sides of the page, including the area of the shadow. Now prepare to paint your objects. You may use paper or canvas, paint, pastels, or crayons.

A. On the right side, follow Pissarro's technique. Place commas of color next to each other. You will first have to decide which colors you see in each area. Your teacher may help you by using a Color Wheel.

B. On the left, blend the paint stokes so that the colors are mixed.

Notice that the shadows in Pissarro's painting are not dull. Like many of his fellow artists, Pissarro avoided the use of black for shadows. When you have completed both sides of your picture, compare them to see which side gives you the better effect of brilliant sunlight. Also, which side has a more "active" surface?

2. Magritte frustrates our expectations. Just when we think he has painted a realistic picture, he pulls the rug out from under us by "leaving the person out of the pants." His surprises make us think about objects in a new way. Keeping this in mind, ask everyone to bring an object to class. Arrange some or all of these objects as a still life for everyone to draw or paint. Tell everyone that there will be two different arrangements to draw. In the first one, make an arrangement that makes sense. It might even tell a story. In the second one, make an arrangement that doesn't make sense. After everyone has finished drawing, take some time to look at the different works. Remember Magritte's example, be sure to give your artworks titles.

Do the artworks that were made from the second arrangement really not make sense? Or, given some time, do they seem to make sense too? Which ones do you like best? Defend your choices.

3. Look again at the coat-of-arms on the Candelabrum for the Sulkowsky Service. Coats-of-arms use animals, birds, signs, colors, and patterns to symbolize or stand for a family. These emblems not only identify a family group, but also proclaim the family's power, social position, and heritage. Using appropriate symbols, create a coat-of-arms for yourself. (For instance you might use baseball bats, stars, roller-blades, puppies, etc.)